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Soccer Study Guide Grade 4-8

You will be taking your Soccer test next week during your P.E Class.

Monday – Sept.30 – Rooms 203, 310 and 302

Tuesday – Oct. 1st – Rooms 212 and 307

Wednesday – Oct. 2nd – Rooms 201, 210 and 304

Thursday – Oct. 3rd – Rooms 211, 309 and 306

Friday – Oct. 4th – Rooms 202,308, 303 and 305

If you have any questions, ask me in class or stop by the Gym.


Ms. McGoldrick

Soccer Study Guide


Soccer is a game that has very early origin. The Greeks played a form of soccer called Harpston, which means to “propel forward.” Throwing was the most commonly used method of advancing the ball. The Romans then sent the game to England. They were the ones that limited ball advancement to kicking with the feet or striking with hands. It was a military sport for the training of warriors. The name of Football was attached because of the use of the feet in ball advancement. Soccer as we know it started on October 26, 1863, when the captains of 11 London-area amateur football clubs met at Freemason’s Tavern on Great Queen Street and formed the London Football Association. The first problem the association dealt with was establishing a rule regarding the use of hands. The decision was to make it illegal. As a result, several clubs broke away and in 1871 formed the Rugby Union. The game as played by the rules of the London Football Association came to be known as association football. The word “association” was generally abbreviated as ASSOC, and from that abbreviation came the popular name for the game: soccer. Today there are 17 laws of the game. The laws of the game have two main objectives: 1) the control of the game, and 2) the protection of the players. Some form of soccer was played in American Colleges as early as 1830. At the present time, soccer is played in more than 55 countries. In most of these countries it is a national sport.

General Description

Soccer is a game played on a rectangular field with two teams of 11 players each. The purpose is to make a goal by advancing a ball over the goal line into the goal net, and at the same time defending a goal and keeping the opponents from scoring. The ball may be played with any part of the body except the hands or arms, but it is usually advanced by kicking. A varsity high school soccer game consists of two halves which are 40 minutes long. The teams change goals at half time. A goal is worth 1 point.

Player Positions

Goalie/Goalkeeper – They protect the goal and prevent the opponents from scoring. This player is the only player who may use his/her hands (only within the penalty area). Within the penalty area, he/she may only throw, punt or pick up the ball. Outside the penalty area, he/she no longer has goalie privileges.

Forwards – Also called strikers, these players are the primary attackers on offense, who try to score.

Midfielders – Also called halfbacks, are players that play both offense and defense, but usually play in the midfield area on both sides of the center line. They try to control the flow and speed of the game.

Defenders – Also known as fullbacks are players that help guard the goal area.

Soccer Skills :

Dribbling – A series of short taps on the ball, used to advance the ball from one point to another by a single player.

Passing – A kick (or heading) used to get the ball to an open teammate.

Trapping – Used to stop and/or control the ball using your feet.

Shooting – Kicking or heading the ball toward the goal for a score

Throw-in – A method of restarting play after the ball has traveled outside the sidelines.

Heading – When you use your forehead to pass, to score, or to bring the ball to ground level.

Game Play Situations

Kick-off – Used to start the game, after a goal has been scored and to start the second half. .The ball must make one revolution before anyone can touch it. Opposing players must stay 10 yards from the kicker on the kick-off.

Penalty Kick – A penalty kick a direct free kick awarded to the attacking team when the defensive team commits a foul in the penalty area. It is taken from the penalty spot 12 yards from the goal line, with only the goalkeeper defending against it.

Throw-in – A throw-in is taken by an opponent of the team that caused the ball to go over the sideline. The player taking the throw- in must face the playing field. The ball must be thrown with both hands, from behind and over the head. As the ball is released, part of each foot must be on the ground. The foot can touch the line but not go completely over the line.

Corner Kick – A corner kick is awarded to the attacking team if the ball crossed the goal line (but not in the goal) having been last played by a member of the defending team. It is taken from the corner of the field and all opponents must remain 10 yards away. The player taking the corner kick cannot be called for off sides on the kick. A goal can be scored directly from a corner kick.

Goal Kick – A goal kick is a place kick, taken from the ground. A goal kick is awarded to the defending team when the ball crossed their goal line, (not going in the goal) after having been last touched by an attacking team member. Any player of the defending side, including the goalkeeper, may take the kick. The ball is placed within the half of the goal area nearer to the point where it crossed the goal line. The kicker must send the ball out of the penalty area and may not touch it again until another player has played it. All opponents must stay outside the penalty area until the kick is taken. No goal can be scored directly from a goal kick.

Goalie Ball – When the goalie stops and gathers the ball before it goes over the goal line, the goalie may drop kick or throws the ball back into play. The goalie may use his hands only in the penalty area and is allowed to take 6 seconds while holding the ball.

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